Five Product Information Management (PIM) Essential Aspects

A Product Information Management (PIM) solution must encompass some core aspects of handling product data in a digitalized world where products are exchanged online in self-service scenarios. Here are five essential aspects:

Product Identification

PIM id

Usually a product is identified uniquely within each organization using a number or a code that follows the product in all the applications that handles product data. But as products are exchanged between trading partners, an external product identifier is essential in many business processes.

The most common external identifier of a product is a GTIN (Global Trade Identification Number) which has those three most common formats:

  • 12-digit UPC – Universal Product Code, which is popular in North America
  • 13- digit EAN – European/International Article Number, which is popular in Europe
  • 14-digit GTIN, which is meant to replace among others the two above

We know these numbers from the barcodes on goods in physical shops.

It is worth noticing that a GTIN is applied to each packing level for a product model. So, if we for example have a given model of a magic wand, there could be three GTINs applied:

  • One for a single magic wand
  • One for a box of 25 magic wands
  • One for a pallet of 50 boxes of magic wands

Also, the GTIN is applied to a specific variant of a product model. So, if we have a given model of a pair of trousers, there will be a GTIN for each size and colour variant.

This level of product is also referred to as a SKU – Stock Keeping Unit.

Besides the GTIN (UPC/EAN) system there are plenty of industry and national number and code systems in play.

Product Classification

PIM class

There are many reasons for why you need to classify your range of products. Therefore, there are also many ways of doing so. You can either use an external classification system or your homegrown classification tailored to your organizations view of the world.

Here are five examples of an external standard you can use in order to meet the classification standards required by your trading partners:

  • UNSPSC (United Nations Standard Products and Services Code) is managed by GS1 US™ for the UN Development Programme (UNDP). This is an open, global, multi-sector standard for classification of products and services. This standard is often used in public tenders and at some marketplaces.
  • GPC (Global Product Classification) is created by GS1 as a separate standard classification within its network synchronization called the Global Data Synchronization Network (GDSN).
  • Harmonized System (HS) codes are commodity codes lately being worldwide harmonized to represent the key classifier in international trade. They determine customs duties, import and export rules and restrictions as well as documentation requirements. National statistical bureaus may require these codes from businesses doing foreign trade.
  • eCl@ss is a cross-industry product data standard for classification and description of products and services emphasizing on being a ISO/IEC compliant industry standard nationally and internationally. The classification guides the eCl@ss standard for product attributes (in eClass called properties) that are needed for a product with a given classification.
  • ETIM develops and manages a worldwide uniform classification for technical products. This classification guides the ETIM standard for product attributes (in ETIM called features) that are needed for a product with a given classification.

Within each organization you can have one – and often several – homegrown classification schemes that exist besides the external ones relevant in each organization. One example is how you arrange your range of products on a webshop similar to how you would arrange the goods in aisles in a physical shop.

Specific product attributes

PIM attributes

When selling products in self-service scenarios a main challenge is that each classification of products needs a specific set of attributes (sometimes called properties and features) in order to provide the set of information needed to support a buying decision.

So, while some attributes are common for all products there will be a set of attributes needed to be populated to have data completeness for this product while these attributes are irrelevant for another product belonging to another classification.

External standards as eClass and ETIM includes a scheme that names and states the attributes needed for a product belonging to a certain classification and also the value lists that goes with it as for example which terms for colours that are valid and can be exchanged consistently between trading partners.

Related products

PIM relation

A core challenge in self-service selling is that you have to mimic what a salesman does: If you enter a shop to buy an intended product, the salesman will like you to walk away with a better (and more expensive) choice along with some other products you would need to fulfil the intended purpose of use.

A common trick in a webshop is to present what other users also bought or looked at. That is the crowdsourcing approach. But it does not stop there. You must also present precisely what accessories that goes with a given product model. You must be able to present a replacement if the intended product is not available anymore (or temporarily out of stock). You can present up-sell options based on the features in question. You can present x-sell options based on the intended purpose of use.

Digital Assets

PIM asset

When your prospective customer can’t see and feel a product online you must present product images of high quality that shows the product (and not a lot of other things too). It can be product images taken from a range of different angles. You can also provide video clips with the given product.

Besides that, there may be many other types of digital assets related to each product model. This can be installation guides, line drawings, certificates and more.

Tools That Can Help

This site has a list of innovative Master Data Management (MDM) and PIM solutions that can help you mastering the core aspects of products information management. Check out the list here.

Analyst MDM / PIM / DQM Solution Reports Update Mid 2020

Analyst firms occasionally publish market reports with a generic solution overview for Master Data Management (MDM), Product Information Management (PIM) and Data Quality Management (DQM).

Here is an overview of the latest major reports:

Analyst Rankings

The next expected reports include:

  • Information Difference yearly MDM landscape probably later this month
  • Gartner Data Quality Tool Magic Quadrant scheduled for 31st July

PS: You can check out many of the included solutions on This Disruptive MDM / PIM / DQM List.

PPS: You can get a free ranking that also include the rising stars on the solution market and is based on your context, scope and requirements here.

Popular Entries on The Resource List

This site has a list of white papers, ebooks, reports and webinars from solution and service providers.

The aim is to give inspiration for organizations having the quest to implement or upgrade their Master Data Management (MDM), Product Information Management (PIM) and/or Data Quality Management (DQM) capability.

The list has now been online in a month and it is time to look at which entries that until now have been the most popular in terms of click through. These are:

ROI of MDM, PIM and DQM

Exploring The ROI of PIM and MDMHave you ever wondered how to effectively evaluate the return on investment (ROI) of a Product Information Management (PIM) and Master Data Management (MDM) implementation? Then, take a look at some real-life examples. Download the Enterworks ebook on Exploring The ROI of PIM and MDM.

MDM, PIM and DQM market overview

The State of Product Information Management 2020Get an overview of why PIM solutions are implemented in more and more organizations, which capabilities a 2020 PIM solution needs to cover, where the market is heading and who the PIM vendors in the market are and how this affect your purchase of PIM. Download the Dynamicweb PIM white paper The State of Product Information Management 2020. 

MDM, PIM and DQM implementation

virtual-conference-webcast-revConferences cancelled? Stuck working from home? Bring the conferences to you with an virtual MDM conference. Don’t miss this must see 6 week live webcast series and hear what other companies are doing in the world of MDM along with best practices and workshops by industry experts.. Register for this Enterworks webcast series at the Everything Master Data Management (MDM) Virtual Conference.

Extended MDM

Intelligent Data Hub - Taking MDM to the Next LevelMDM solutions have been instrumental in solving core data quality issues in a traditional way, focusing primarily on simple master data entities such as customer or product. Organizations now face new challenges with broader and deeper data requirements to succeed in their digital transformation. Help your organization through a successful digital transformation while taking your MDM initiative to the next level. Download the Semarchy white paper Intelligent Data Hub – Taking MDM to the Next Level.

Data Quality

4 Keys to Unlocking Data Quality with MDMBusinesses today face a rapidly growing mountain of content and data. Mastering this content can unlock a whole new level of Business Intelligence for your organization and impact a range of data analytics. It’s also crucial for operational excellence and digital transformation. Download the 1WorldSync and Enterworks ebook on 4 Keys to Unlocking Data Quality with MDM.

Next To Come

More resources from solution and service vendors are on the way. Additionally, there will also be a Case Story List with success stories from various industries. Stay tuned.

If you have comments, suggestions and/or entries to be posted (yes, there is a very modest fee), then get in touch here:

 

B2B2C in MDM, PIM and DQM

The Business-to-Business-to-Consumer (B2B2C) scenario is becoming of increasing importance in Master Data Management (MDM), Product Information Management (PIM) and Data Quality Management (DQM).

This scenario is usually seen in manufacturing including pharmaceuticals as examined in the post Six MDMographic Stereotypes.

One challenge here is how to extend the capabilities in MDM / PIM / DQM solutions that are build for Business-to-Business (B2B) and Business-to-Consumer (B2C) use cases. Doing B2B2C requires a Multidomain MDM approach with solid PIM and DQM elements either as one solution, a suite of solutions or as a wisely assembled set of best-of-breed solutions.

B2B2C MDM PIM DQM

In the MDM sphere a key challenge with B2B2C is that you probably must encompass more surrounding applications and ensure a 360-degree view of party, location and product entities as they have varying roles with varying purposes at varying times tracked by these applications. You will also need to cover a broader range of data types that goes beyond what is traditionally seen as master data.

In DQM you need data matching capabilities that can identify and compare both real-world persons, organizations and the grey zone of persons in professional roles. You need DQM of a deep hierarchy of location data and you need to profile product data completeness for both professional use cases and consumer use cases.

In PIM the content must be suitable for both the professional audience and the end consumers. The issues in achieving this stretch over having a flexible in-house PIM solution and a comprehensive outbound Product Data Syndication (PDS) setup.

As the middle B in B2B2C supply chains you must have a strategic partnership with your suppliers/vendors with a comprehensive inbound Product Data Syndication (PDS) setup and increasingly also a framework for sharing customer master data taking into account the privacy and confidentiality aspects of this.

This emerging MDM / PIM / DQM scope is also referred to as Multienterprise MDM.

The Free Bespoke MDM / PIM / DQM Solution Ranking Service

This site has an interactive service to help you jumpstart in your tool selection for a solution for Master Data Management (MDM), Product Information Management (PIM) and/or Data Quality Management (DQM).

MDM PIM DQM Context, Scope and RequirementsThe selection model is based on the context, scope and requirements for your solution.

The context includes the geographical reach and the industry where your organization operates.

The scope includes the number of entities as for example consumers (B2C customers), companies (B2B customers, suppliers and other business partners), products and digital assets as well as the organizational reach.

The requirements are those that differentiate the MDM / PIM / DQM solutions on the market.

MDM PIM DQM Vendor capabilitiesThe solution capabilities considered in the selection process are those of who are:

  • On this Disruptive MDM / PIM / DQM Solutions List or
  • Gartner MDM Magic Quadrant or
  • Forrester MDM Wave or Forrester PIM Wave or
  • Information Difference MDM Landscape

MDM PIM DQM AI EngineThese two sets of information are compared in a continuously supervised learning algorithm – also known in marketing as machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI).

Filling in the information usually takes less than 15 minutes. You will get your solution list within 1 to 48 hours.

MDM PIM DQM Ranking OutcomeThe outcome is:

  • The best fit solution for a Proof of Concept
  • Two more solutions to be in a shortlist
  • Four more solutions to be in a longlist
  • If fit, a couple of more solutions to be considered as alternatives or supplements

During the half year this service has been online, more than 100 end user organizations or their consultants have received their solution list.

This service is free. No information is shared with anyone unless requested. Are you ready? Start with step 1 here.